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On this day in 1920  |  League of nations establishes Intl Court of Justice in The Hague
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Today in History

1577Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world

1833HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia

1950James Dean begins his career with an appearance in a Pepsi commercial

1956Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield & $35,000 Robinson retires

1964Shirley Englehorn & Sam Snead wins Haig & Haig Mixed Foursome Golf

1964In El Paso, Tx, LBJ & Mexican Pres Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border

1970Neil Simon's "Gingerbread Lady" premieres in NYC

1990South African President De Klerk meets with Nelson Mandela to talk of end of apartheid

1996Free agent Roger Clemens signs with Toronto Blue Jays

2003Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit (see Operation Red Dawn).

On This Day In History
Date Event
Dec 13, 1294
Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit. 
Dec 13, 1545
Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opened by Pope Paul III 
Dec 13, 1570
Sweden/Denmark signs Peace of Stettin 
Dec 13, 1572
Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey 
Dec 13, 1577
Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world 
Dec 13, 1621
Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree 
Dec 13, 1636
The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard. 
Dec 13, 1642
Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland 
Dec 13, 1643
English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire. 
Dec 13, 1668
Jean Racine's "Britannicus" premieres in Paris 
Dec 13, 1734
England & Russia sign trade agreement 
Dec 13, 1742
Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes 
Dec 13, 1759
1st music store in America opens (Phila) 
Dec 13, 1769
Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter 
Dec 13, 1774
1st incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire 
Dec 13, 1816
Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston 
Dec 13, 1823
Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London 
Dec 13, 1833
HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia 
Dec 13, 1861
Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV 
Dec 13, 1862
Battle of Fredericksburg, VA (Marye's Heights) 
Dec 13, 1864
Battle of Ft McAllister, GA 
Dec 13, 1879
1st federal fish hatching steamer lauched (Wilmington Delaware) 
Dec 13, 1889
Belgium rules on women/child labor law 
Dec 13, 1895
1st complete execution of Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony 
Dec 13, 1900
Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey/Smuts beat Britten 
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