What happened on this day in history?
On this day in 2009  |  UK officially enters recession as GDP falls by 1.5% in the last quarter of 2008 following a 0.6% drop in the third quarter, with unemployment growing by 131,000 to 1.92 million (6.1%)
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Today in History

1571Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

1647Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament

1656Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.

1663King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Rÿnstaten

1849Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US

1853John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

1889Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

1937Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

1943Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1945World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

1948Bradman scores 201 in 272 mins v India, 21 fours 1 six

1962Bob Feller & Jackie Robinson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1964Arthur Miller's "After the Fall," premieres in NYC

1965Boston Celtic center Bill Russell misses all 14 shots in loss to Philadelphia Warriors led by Wilt Chamberlain

1967Stan Musial is named GM of Cards

1979Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame

1981Mike Bossy becomes 1st in NHL to score 50 goals in 50 games

1983Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis

1984Hulk Hogan defeats Iron Sheik to become WWF champ

19861st induction of Rock 'N' Roll Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Domino, Everly Bros, B Holly, J L Lewis & Elvis Presley)

198845th Golden Globes: Last Emperor, Sally Kirkland, Michael Douglas

198862nd Australian Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Chris Evert (6-1 7-6)

1991"seinfeld" debuts on NBC-TV

1998Pope John Paul II condemns US embargo against Cuba

On This Day In History
Date Event
Jan 23, 393
Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor. 
Jan 23, 909
John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies. 
Jan 23, 971
In China, the war elephant corps of the Southern Han are soundly defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops. The Southern Han state is forced to submit to the Song Dynasty, ending Southern Han rule, also first regular war elephant corps employed in Chinese army 
Jan 23, 1265
1st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities) 
Jan 23, 1368
In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries. 
Jan 23, 1490
1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul 
Jan 23, 1546
Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel. 
Jan 23, 1552
2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes manditory in England 
Jan 23, 1556
Shaanxi Earthquake - deadliest ever recorded kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China 
Jan 23, 1570
Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out 
Jan 23, 1571
Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London 
Jan 23, 1579
Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic 
Jan 23, 1631
France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald 
Jan 23, 1637
Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco Brazil 
Jan 23, 1643
Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War 
Jan 23, 1647
Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament 
Jan 23, 1656
Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales. 
Jan 23, 1663
King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Rÿnstaten 
Jan 23, 1668
England, Netherlands & Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French 
Jan 23, 1719
Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire. 
Jan 23, 1779
Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra) 
Jan 23, 1789
Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded 
Jan 23, 1793
2nd partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia 
Jan 23, 1793
Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized 
Jan 23, 1796
Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of Council of 500 
Today's Deaths
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Person of the Moment
Le Corbusier

Architect

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