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Today in History

1492Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)

1512Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).

1812Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow

1845Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden

1913At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

1926Russian Politburo throws out Leo Trotsky & followers

1932Henry Ford gives his 1st radio speech

1935Mao Zedong's army reaches Shanxi

1939Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas

1944British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow

1960Martin Luther King Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in

1966Bobby Orr makes his NHL regular-season debut for the Boston Bruins against the Detroit Red Wings

1969Mary Mills wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic

1981Nicolaas Bloembergen & Arthur Schawlow win Nobel for physics (laser)

1983Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr. federal holiday

2003Mother Teresa of Calcutta is beatified by Pope John Paul II.

On This Day In History
Date Event
Oct 19, 202 BC
Battle of Zama: Hannibal Barca, leader of the invading Carthaginian army, defeated by Roman legions under Scipio Africanus. 
Oct 19, 439
The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa. 
Oct 19, 615
St Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
Oct 19, 1031
Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord 
Oct 19, 1216
King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry. 
Oct 19, 1298
Rindfleisch-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered 
Oct 19, 1453
2nd Battle at Castillon: French forces defeat beats the English, end of The Hundred Years' War 
Oct 19, 1466
The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Peace of Thorn, Germany 
Oct 19, 1492
Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas) 
Oct 19, 1512
Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia). 
Oct 19, 1576
Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence 
Oct 19, 1630
In Boston the 1st general court is held 
Oct 19, 1634
Beach Island in North Sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood 
Oct 19, 1682
English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland 
Oct 19, 1722
Frenchman C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher 
Oct 19, 1739
England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30] 
Oct 19, 1765
Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote decl of rights & liberties 
Oct 19, 1781
British General Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends 
Oct 19, 1812
Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow 
Oct 19, 1818
US Government & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty 
Oct 19, 1822
In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí. 
Oct 19, 1845
Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden 
Oct 19, 1853
1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations 
Oct 19, 1856
James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne 
Oct 19, 1859
Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope 
Person of the Week
Tom Watson

Golfer

Thomas Sturges Watson is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour and now plays mostly on the Champions Tour. In the 1970s and 1980s, Watson was one of the leading players in the world, winning eight major championship… more »

Person of the Day
Barbara Bach

Actress

Barbara Bach is an American actress and model known as the Bond girl Anya Amasova from the James Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me. She subsequently starred in Force 10 from Navarone with Robert Shaw and Harrison Ford. She is married to former… more »

Person of the Moment
Maggie Gyllenhaal

Actress

Margalit Ruth "Maggie" Gyllenhaal is an American actress. She is the daughter of director Stephen Gyllenhaal and screenwriter Naomi Foner and the older sister of actor Jake Gyllenhaal. She made her screen debut when she began… more »


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