Charles II Biography

Charles II was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Charles II's father, King Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II King of Great Britain and Ireland in Edinburgh on 5 February 1649, the English Parliament instead passed a statute that made any such proclamation unlawful. England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the United Provinces and the Spanish Netherlands.

A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Charles II
Nationality:
Kingdom of England
Religion:
Catholicism, Anglicanism
Date of Birth:
May 29, 1630
Astrological Sign:
Gemini
Date of Death:
February 6, 1685
Age at Death:
54
Marriages
Charles II Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

Charles II. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 6:04am UTC, Oct 24, 2018, from historyhop.com/famous-people/charles-ii/bio.

Harvard Style

Charles II. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/charles-ii/bio [Accessed 24 Oct 2018].

MLA Style

"Charles II." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 24 Oct 2018.

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