James Knox Polk Biography

James Knox Polk was the 11th President of the United States. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He later lived in and represented Tennessee. A Democrat, Polk served as the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Tennessee. Polk was the surprise candidate for president in 1844, defeating Henry Clay of the rival Whig Party by promising to annex Texas. Polk was a leader of Jacksonian Democracy during the Second Party System.

Polk was the last strong pre–Civil War president, and he is the earliest of whom there are surviving photographs taken during a term in office. He is noted for his foreign policy successes. He threatened war with Britain over the issue of which nation owned the Oregon Country, then backed away and split the ownership of the region with Britain. When Mexico rejected American annexation of Texas, Polk led the nation to a sweeping victory in the Mexican-American War, which gave the United States most of its present Southwest. He secured passage of the Walker tariff of 1846, which had low rates that pleased his native South, and he established a treasury system that lasted until 1913. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
James Knox Polk
Nationality:
United States of America
Profession:
Lawyer, Farmer, Politician
Ethnicity:
Scottish American, Scotch-Irish American, White people
Religion:
Methodism, Presbyterianism
Date of Birth:
November 2, 1795
Astrological Sign:
Scorpio
Date of Death:
June 15, 1849
Age at Death:
53
Cause of Death:
Cholera
Marriages
James Knox Polk Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

James Knox Polk. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 9:00am UTC, Dec 10, 2019, from historyhop.com/famous-people/james-knox-polk/bio.

Harvard Style

James Knox Polk. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/james-knox-polk/bio [Accessed 10 Dec 2019].

MLA Style

"James Knox Polk." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 10 Dec 2019.

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