John A. Macdonald Biography

Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, KCMG, PC, PC, QC, was the first Prime Minister of Canada. The dominant figure of Canadian Confederation, he had a political career which spanned almost half a century. Macdonald served 19 years as Canadian Prime Minister; only William Lyon Mackenzie King served longer.

Macdonald was born in Scotland; when he was a boy his family immigrated to Kingston in the colony of Upper Canada. He articled with a local lawyer, who died before Macdonald qualified, and Macdonald opened his own practice, although not yet entitled to do so. He was involved in several high-profile cases and quickly became prominent in Kingston, which enabled him to seek and obtain a legislative seat in 1844. He served in the legislature of the colonial United Province of Canada and by 1857 had become premier under the colony's unstable political system.

When in 1864 no party proved capable of governing for long, Macdonald agreed to a proposal from his political rival, George Brown, that the parties unite in a Great Coalition to seek federation and political reform. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
John A. Macdonald
Nationality:
Canada
Profession:
Politician, Lawyer
Ethnicity:
Scottish people, Scottish Canadian
Religion:
Presbyterianism, Anglicanism
Date of Birth:
January 11, 1815
Astrological Sign:
Capricorn
Date of Death:
June 6, 1891
Age at Death:
76
Cause of Death:
Stroke
Marriages
John A. Macdonald Timeline
  • 1867-07-01
    The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister
  • 1873-11-05
    Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1878-10-17
    After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada
  • 1886-08-13
    John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia
Cite this page
APA Style

John A. Macdonald. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 6:41am UTC, Aug 19, 2019, from historyhop.com/famous-people/john-a-macdonald/bio.

Harvard Style

John A. Macdonald. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/john-a-macdonald/bio [Accessed 19 Aug 2019].

MLA Style

"John A. Macdonald." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 19 Aug 2019.

You might also be interested in these people ...

If something isn't right with this biography, or you feel something should be added, or removed, please let us know.


Today in history calendar
January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
December 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31