Louis XVIII Biography

Louis XVIII, known as "the Desired", was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1814 to 1824 except for a period in 1815 known as the Hundred Days. Louis XVIII spent twenty-three years in exile, from 1791 to 1814, during the French Revolution and the First French Empire, and again in 1815, during the period of the Hundred Days, upon the return of Napoleon I from Elba.

Until his accession to the throne of France, Louis held the title of Count of Provence as brother of King Louis XVI. On 21 September 1792, the National Convention abolished the monarchy and deposed King Louis XVI, who was later executed by guillotine. When the young Louis XVII, Louis XVI's son, died in prison in June 1795, Louis XVIII succeeded his nephew as titular King.

During the French Revolution and Napoleonic era, Louis XVIII lived in exile in Prussia, the United Kingdom and Russia. When the Sixth Coalition finally defeated Napoleon in 1814, Louis was restored to what he, and the French royalists, considered his rightful position. Napoleon escaped from his exile in Elba, however, and restored his French Empire. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Louis XVIII
Nationality:
France
Profession:
Politician
Religion:
Catholicism
Date of Birth:
November 17, 1755
Astrological Sign:
Scorpio
Date of Death:
September 16, 1824
Age at Death:
68
Marriages
  • 1771-05-14
    King of France Louis XVIII weds princess Maria Giuseppina of Savoy at the Palace of Versailles
Louis XVIII Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

Louis XVIII. (2020). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 5:25pm UTC, Sep 25, 2020, from historyhop.com/famous-people/louis-xviii/bio.

Harvard Style

Louis XVIII. [Internet]. 2020. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/louis-xviii/bio [Accessed 25 Sep 2020].

MLA Style

"Louis XVIII." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2020. Web. 25 Sep 2020.

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