Mobutu Sese Seko Biography

Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga was the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1965 to 1997.

Installed and supported in office primarily by Belgium and the United States, he formed an authoritarian regime, amassed vast personal wealth, and attempted to purge the country of all colonial cultural influence while enjoying considerable support by the United States due to his anti-communist stance.

During the Congo Crisis, Belgian forces aided Mobutu in a coup against the nationalist government of Patrice Lumumba in 1960 to take control of the government. Lumumba was the first leader in the country to be democratically elected, but he was subsequently deposed in a coup d’état organised by Colonel Mobutu and executed by a Katangese firing squad led by Julien Gat, a Belgian mercenary, Mobutu then assumed the role of army chief of staff, before taking power directly in a second coup in 1965. As part of his program of "national authenticity," Mobutu changed the Congo's name to Zaïre in 1971 and his own name to Mobutu Sese Seko in 1972.

Mobutu established a single-party state in which all power was concentrated in his hands. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Mobutu Sese Seko
Full Name:
Joseph-Desiré Mobutu
Nationality:
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Profession:
Politician
Religion:
Christianity, Catholicism
Date of Birth:
October 14, 1930
Astrological Sign:
Libra
Date of Death:
September 7, 1997
Age at Death:
66
Cause of Death:
Prostate cancer
Marriages
Mobutu Sese Seko Timeline
Cite this page
APA Style

Mobutu Sese Seko. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 9:12pm UTC, Oct 23, 2019, from historyhop.com/famous-people/mobutu-sese-seko/bio.

Harvard Style

Mobutu Sese Seko. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/mobutu-sese-seko/bio [Accessed 23 Oct 2019].

MLA Style

"Mobutu Sese Seko." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 23 Oct 2019.

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