Moctezuma II Biography

Moctezuma II, also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520. The first contact between indigenous civilizations of Mesoamerica and Europeans took place during his reign, and he was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, when Conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men fought to escape from the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.

During his reign the Aztec Empire reached its maximal size. Through warfare, Moctezuma expanded the territory as far south as Xoconosco in Chiapas and the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and incorporated the Zapotec and Yopi people into the empire. He changed the previous meritocratic system of social hierarchy and widened the divide between pipiltin and macehualtin by prohibiting commoners from working in the royal palaces.

The portrayal of Moctezuma in history has mostly been colored by his role as ruler of a defeated nation, and many sources describe him as weak-willed and indecisive. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Moctezuma II
Full Name:
Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin
Date of Death:
June 29, 1520
Age at Death:
unknown
Cause of Death:
Murder
Moctezuma II Timeline
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APA Style

Moctezuma II. (2018). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 6:40am UTC, Nov 13, 2018, from historyhop.com/famous-people/moctezuma-ii/bio.

Harvard Style

Moctezuma II. [Internet]. 2018. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/moctezuma-ii/bio [Accessed 13 Nov 2018].

MLA Style

"Moctezuma II." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2018. Web. 13 Nov 2018.

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