Nero Biography

Nero was Roman Emperor from 54 to 68, and the last in the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Nero was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius to become his heir and successor, and succeeded to the throne in 54 following Claudius' death.

Nero focused much of his attention on diplomacy, trade and enhancing the cultural life of the Empire. He ordered theatres built and promoted athletic games. During his reign, the redoubtable general Corbulo conducted a successful war and negotiated peace with the Parthian Empire. His general Suetonius Paulinus crushed a revolt in Britain. Nero annexed the Bosporan Kingdom to the Empire and began the First Roman–Jewish War.

In 64 AD, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. In 68, the rebellion of Vindex in Gaul and later the acclamation of Galba in Hispania drove Nero from the throne. Facing a false report of being denounced as a public enemy who was to be executed, he committed suicide on 9 June 68. His death ended the Julio-Claudian Dynasty, sparking a brief period of civil wars known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Nero
Full Name:
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Nationality:
Roman Empire
Profession:
Roman emperor
Religion:
Paganism
Date of Birth:
December 15, 37
Astrological Sign:
Sagittarius
Date of Death:
June 9, 68
Age at Death:
1969
Cause of Death:
Assisted suicide
Nero Timeline
  • 51-03-04
    Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).
  • 54-10-13
    Nero suceeds Claudius to become Roman Emperor
  • 55-02-11
    Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.
  • 64-07-18
    Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero
  • 66-09-22
    Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica.
  • 68-06-09
    Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging.
Cite this page
APA Style

Nero. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 6:48pm UTC, Feb 19, 2019, from historyhop.com/famous-people/nero/bio.

Harvard Style

Nero. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/nero/bio [Accessed 19 Feb 2019].

MLA Style

"Nero." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 19 Feb 2019.

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