Saladin Biography

Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb, better known in the Western world as Saladin, was the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. A Muslim of Kurdish origin, Saladin led the Muslim opposition to the European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, Syria, Mesopotamia, Hejaz, Yemen and other parts of North Africa.

Originally sent to Fatimid Egypt by his Zengid lord Nur ad-Din in 1163, Saladin climbed the ranks of the Fatimid government by virtue of his military successes against Crusader assaults on its territory and his personal closeness to the caliph al-Adid. When Saladin's uncle Shirkuh died in 1169, al-Adid appointed Saladin vizier, a rare nomination of a Sunni Muslim to such an important position in the Shia Muslim-led caliphate. During his term as vizier Saladin began to undermine the Fatimid establishment, and following al-Adid's death in 1171 he took over the government and realigned the country's allegiance with the Baghdad-based Abbasid Caliphate. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Saladin
Full Name:
Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb
Nationality:
Abbasid Caliphate
Religion:
Islam, Sunni Islam
Date of Death:
March 4, 1193
Age at Death:
unknown
Saladin Timeline
  • 1176-05-22
    Murder attempt by "Assassins" on Saladin near Aleppo
  • 1177-11-25
    Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
  • 1187-07-03
    Battle of Horns of Hattin; Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army.
  • 1187-07-04
    Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Châtillon
  • 1187-09-20
    Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
  • 1187-10-02
    Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders
  • 1192-09-02
    Ottoman Sultan Saladin & King Richard the Lion-hearted of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade
Cite this page
APA Style

Saladin. (2020). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 7:16am UTC, May 29, 2020, from historyhop.com/famous-people/saladin/bio.

Harvard Style

Saladin. [Internet]. 2020. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/saladin/bio [Accessed 29 May 2020].

MLA Style

"Saladin." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2020. Web. 29 May 2020.

You might also be interested in these people ...

If something isn't right with this biography, or you feel something should be added, or removed, please let us know.


Today in history calendar
January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
December 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31