Thomas Cromwell Biography

Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, KG, was an English lawyer and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.

Cromwell was one of the strongest and most powerful advocates of the English Reformation. He helped to engineer an annulment of the king's marriage to the Spanish Queen Catherine of Aragon, in order to allow Henry to marry his mistress Anne Boleyn. After failing to obtain approval from the Pope in 1534, Parliament endorsed the King's claim to be head of a breakaway Church of England. Cromwell subsequently plotted an evangelical, reformist course for the embryonic Church of England from the unique posts of vicegerent in spirituals and vicar-general.

During his rise to power, Cromwell made many enemies, including his former ally Anne Boleyn; he played a prominent role in her downfall. He later fell from power after arranging the King's marriage to a German princess, Anne of Cleves. Cromwell hoped that the marriage would breathe fresh life into the Reformation in England, but it turned into a disaster for Cromwell and ended in an annulment six months later. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Thomas Cromwell
Nationality:
England
Profession:
Statesman
Religion:
Anglicanism, Catholicism
Date of Death:
July 28, 1540
Age at Death:
unknown
Cause of Death:
Decapitation
Thomas Cromwell Timeline
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APA Style

Thomas Cromwell. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 10:07am UTC, Apr 22, 2019, from historyhop.com/famous-people/thomas-cromwell/bio.

Harvard Style

Thomas Cromwell. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/thomas-cromwell/bio [Accessed 22 Apr 2019].

MLA Style

"Thomas Cromwell." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 22 Apr 2019.

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