Voltaire Biography

François-Marie Arouet, known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. He was an outspoken advocate, despite the risk this placed him in under the strict censorship laws of the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day. Source: Wikipedia

Biography Snapshot
Name:
Voltaire
Full Name:
François-Marie Arouet
Nationality:
France
Profession:
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Librettist, Poet, Historian
Ethnicity:
French people
Religion:
Deism
Date of Birth:
November 21, 1694
Astrological Sign:
Scorpio
Date of Death:
May 30, 1778
Age at Death:
83
Voltaire Timeline
  • 1718-11-18
    Voltaire's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
  • 1730-12-11
    Voltaire's "Brutus" premieres in Paris
  • 1732-08-13
    Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris
  • 1753-03-25
    Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia
  • 1762-03-10
    French Huguenot Jean Calas, who was wrongly convicted of killing his son, dies after being tortured by authorities; the event inspired Voltaire to begin a campaign for religious tolerance and legal reform
  • 1765-03-09
    After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.
  • 1778-03-30
    Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath
Cite this page
APA Style

Voltaire. (2019). The HistoryHop.com website. Retrieved 2:22pm UTC, Dec 14, 2019, from historyhop.com/famous-people/voltaire/bio.

Harvard Style

Voltaire. [Internet]. 2019. The HistoryHop.com website. Available from: historyhop.com/famous-people/voltaire/bio [Accessed 14 Dec 2019].

MLA Style

"Voltaire." Bio. The HistoryHop.com website, 2019. Web. 14 Dec 2019.

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