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Notable Historical Events - 1853

1853Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce

1853John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

1853Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice

1853National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

1853 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service 
Jan 8
1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington 
Jan 10
Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London 
Jan 19
Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," premieres in Rome 
Jan 21
Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass 
Jan 23
John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church 
Feb 21
US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces 
Mar 2
Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter 
Mar 3
Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress 
Mar 3
US Assay Office in NYC authorized 
Mar 4
Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands 
Mar 4
William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP 
Mar 6
Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice 
Apr 1
Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary 
Apr 15
Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops 
Apr 16
The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane. 
Apr 17
Thorbecke government resigns 
Apr 17
US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms 
Apr 18
1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km) 
Apr 19
Netherlands Van Hall government forms 
Apr 26
Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber 
Apr 29
Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth 
May 1
Argentina adopts its constitution 
May 2
Franconi's Hippodrome opens (NYC) 
May 6
1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut) 
May 14
Gail Borden, land surveyor, newspaper publisher, and inventor, patents his process for condensed milk 
May 17
Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election 
May 23
Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859) 
May 31
Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance 
Jun 24
Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce 
Jul 6
National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends 
Jul 6
William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American 
Jul 8
Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay 
Jul 9
Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan 
Jul 14
1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace 
Jul 14
Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan 
Jul 14
Pres Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY) 
Jul 14
New Zealand holds its first general election 
Jul 18
Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal 
Jul 25
Joaquin Murietta, the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed. 
Aug 8
Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan 
Aug 24
1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY) 
Sep 11
1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos) 
Sep 15
1st US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell 
Sep 24
1st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt) 
Sep 24
France annexes New Caledonia 
Sep 24
Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London 
Sep 29
Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348 
Oct 2
Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land 
Oct 6
4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio 
Oct 12
John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans 
Oct 19
1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations 
Oct 23
Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens 
Nov 9
Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun 
Nov 17
Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections 
Nov 28
Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory 
Dec 30
A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London. 
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